12 Apr 2021


“Not only does the document not confirm the urgent need to assess those responsible, but it strengthens those responsible for the atrocities by providing them with positions and resources, and it does not mention how those responsible for the agreement are punished,” he said. Betty Sunday, coordinator of the NGO Women`s Monthly Forum on the Peace and Political Process in South Sudan, briefed the members of the Council via the Juba video conference and praised the growing influence of civil society, particularly women-led organizations. “South Sudanese women fought hard for the peace agreement to bring the peace agreement to life and be concluded,” she said, stressing her role in the peace process and her commitment to greater representation of women in the country`s political life. She stressed, however, that the transitional government had not met the quota of 35% representation of women in the cabinet and that no women would be placed on the list of future state governors. The cheers followed the signing of the power-sharing document, but when Himeidti withdrew from the spacious room of Khartoum Corinthia Hotel, the egg-shaped structure that dominates the city skyline, where the last round of negotiations was taking place, some of the press corps shouted “madaniyya” (in Arabic for civilians) on his back. For months, “madaniyya” has been the slogan of the protest movement that forced Sudan`s military and security leaders to overthrow President Bashir on April 11 in a palace coup and seize power under the title TMC. Since then, the TMC and the protest movement led by the SPA and its allies in the DachfFC have been caught up in a fierce struggle for the will of nature in the post-Bashir era. Since Sudanese protesters are still shouting “Madaniyya” (civilian), only time will tell whether the recently signed power-sharing agreement will be a real step towards a democratic transition or simply a new maneuver in the Sudanese tradition of “tajility” and broken promises. The Council and UNAMAS can also ask the government to ensure that the armed forces evacuate civilian homes immediately, as required by the power-sharing agreement, she said. She expressed the hope that the Council would reaffirm its support for transitional justice and said that it should include accountability for gender-based violence. Grassroots organizations need the Security Council to help by asking the parties to respect the space reserved for civil society contributions, she stressed. In the meantime, the Council should be united with the people of South Sudan when it calls on the parties to keep the hard-won promise of a 35% quota of women in the transitional government of national unity, she reiterated.

It is essential to maintain all existing provisions on women, peace and security, she stressed, calling on MANUTOS to look after different groups of women in the country. AKUEI BONA MALWAL (South Sudan) said it welcomed the Secretary-General`s report on the situation in South Sudan (Document S/2020/145), but noted that significant developments had taken place since its development. He thanked Mr. Kiir`s Secretary General for including in his report President Kiir`s decision to return the South Sudanese federal system on 21 February in ten states and three administrative territories and stated that, since that decision, five vice-presidents have been sworn in and that Mr. Machar has returned to Juba. The parties to the power-sharing agreement are in ongoing negotiations on the equitable sharing of ministerial portfolios, and the people of South Sudan are ready to hear the imminent announcement of a new cabinet, he said.

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