9 Apr 2021
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International investment agreements (AI) are divided into two types: (1) bilateral investment agreements and (2) investment contracts. A bilateral investment agreement (ILO) is an agreement between two countries to promote and protect investments made by investors from the countries concerned in the territory of the other country. The vast majority of IDu are bits. The category of contracts with investment rules (TIPs) includes different types of investment contracts that are not BITs. There are three main types of TIPs: 1) global economic contracts that contain commitments that are often included in ILOs (. B, for example, a free trade agreement with an investment chapter); 2. contracts with limited investment provisions (for example. B, investment creation or free transfer of investment-related funds; and 3) contracts that contain only “framework clauses,” such as. B on investment cooperation and/or a mandate for future investment negotiations. In addition to IDAMIT, there is also an open category of investment-related instruments (IRIs). It includes various binding and non-binding instruments, such as model agreements and draft instruments, multilateral conventions on dispute settlement and arbitration rules, documents adopted by international organisations and others.

With the expansion of global trade, investment and technology in recent decades, international investment concepts – the mapping structure displayed in the “Selected Contractual Elements” tab – are a “table of materials” that contains all the elements of the contract represented. It corresponds to the typical structure of an AI. – The elements of the illustrated contract are elements of an investment contract mapped as part of the IIA mapping project. The number of contract elements represented exceeds 100. Each associated item has a set of pre-defined assignment options from which you can choose. – Mapping options indicate the approach of the contract for the corresponding element of the contract. Mapping options may be “yes/no” or specify the approach to the contract (for example. B the type of fair and equitable treatment clause (FET) – qualified/unqualified/unqualified/none, etc.). Each element of the contract includes the “Inconclusive” and “Not applicable” options.

UNCTAD`s Work Programme on International Investment Agreements (IAA) actively supports policy makers, government officials and other IIA stakeholders in the IIA reform to make them more conducive to sustainable development and inclusive growth. International investment rules are established at bilateral, regional, inter-regional and multilateral levels. It requires policy makers, negotiators, civil society and other stakeholders to be well informed about foreign direct investment, international investment agreements (AI) and their effects on sustainable development. Key objectives of UNCTAD`s IIA work programme – Reform of the International Investment Agreements (IIA) regime to improve the dimension of sustainable development; A comprehensive analysis of key issues arising from the complexity of the international investment regime; Development of a wide range of instruments to support the development of a more balanced international investment policy. This work includes analysing the latest trends and key emerging issues of the IIA, strengthening the capacity of developing countries to negotiate and implement investment agreements that can foster sustainable investment, and establishing a platform for universal, inclusive and transparent stakeholder engagement on these issues. UNCTAD has also been at the forefront of efforts to reform the international investment regime and has provided valuable support to this process. IIA Navigator This IIAs database – the IIA Navigator – is managed by the IIA section of UNCTAD. You can browse the IIAs that are completed by a country or


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