20 Dec 2020


The formal amendment process is one of the two main possibilities for amending the Constitution. The idea that Americans – in fact people in general – have fundamental rights and freedoms was a central argument in favour of independence. When the Declaration of Independence of 1776 was prescribed, Thomas Jefferson took up John Locke`s ideas to express the colonists` faith in certain inalienable or natural rights that no sovereign had to deny them. It was a scathing charge against King George III for violating the freedoms of the settlers. Although the declaration of independence does not guarantee specific freedoms, its language has inspired many states to assume the protection of civil liberties and rights in their own constitutions. He also expressed principles of the foundation that have resonated with the United States since independence. In particular, Jefferson`s words, “all men are equal,” have become the centerpiece of the struggles for women`s and minority rights. Number one. The Constitution cannot be amended during an intervention by the Confederation, the state of defence or the siege phase. Two degrees. A proposed amendment is debated and voted on in two rounds of voting in each chamber of the National Congress and is deemed approved if it obtains three-fifths of the votes of the members concerned in the two rounds of voting. Three degrees. The executive committees of the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate adopt a constitutional amendment in the following order.

It`s a four-degree one. No proposed amendment to the Constitution to remove the Danish constitution is an example of several specific procedures to follow. After an amendment has been adopted by Parliament, parliamentary elections must be held; the new Parliament will then have to re-approve the amendment before it is finally put to a referendum. It is also requested that at least 40% of the electorate vote in the referendum so that an amendment can be adopted effectively. For more than two centuries, the Constitution has remained in force because its authors have succeeded in separating and balancing governmental powers in order to preserve the interests of majority power and the rights of minorities, freedom and equality, and federal and regional governments. The Constitution is more a concise explanation of national principles than a detailed plan for the work of government and has evolved to meet the changing needs of a modern society fundamentally different from the 18th century world in which its creators lived. So far, the Constitution has been amended 27 times, the last time in 1992. The first ten amendments represent the Bill of Rights. Civil liberties were significantly clarified by the 14th Amendment of 1868. First, it says that “no state can make or enforce a law that compresses the privileges or immunities of U.S.

citizens” – a provision that reflects the privilege and exemption clause in Section IV, Section 2 of the original Constitution, and ensures that states treat citizens of other states in the same way as their own. (To take an example today, the speeding penalty by an extra-government driver cannot be more severe than the penalty for an in-state driver). Over the years, lawyers and courts have debated at length the importance of this clause of privilege or immunity; Some argued that it should extend the entire Bill of Rights (or at least the first eight amendments) to states, while others argued that only a few rights are extended.

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